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Friday, May 16, 2014

X-Men Lineups: 90s (Blue/Gold)



Xtinction Agenda X-Men
[Appearance: Uncanny X-Men #273 (1990) to Uncanny X-Men #280 (1991)]

When the team was scattered, an ad-hoc team of X-Men members and associates gathered on Muir Island to defend it from the Reavers, acting as Muir Island's X-Men. (check Ad-hoc X-Men) Two of the X-Men, technocraft Forge and a newly repowered Banshee began a search for the missing X-Men. After they left Muir Island, the Shadow King began influencing and possessing those still on the island, including MacTaggert. 

Various members of the team reunited when they worked with X-Factor and the New Mutants to fight the continuing mutant-rights abuse of Genosha and cyborg mutant-hater Cameron Hodge. (check Xtinction Agenda)

A new team formed consisting of Storm, Wolverine, Psylocke (her psyche now transplanted into Japanese ninja Kwannon's body), Forge, Banshee, Wolverine's pyrotechnic sidekick Jubilee and Storm's energized projectile-tossing companion, Gambit, a Cajun thief. This team went to Shi'ar space to rescue Xavier from shape-shifting Skrulls who had assisted in Lilandra temporarily losing the throne. After defeating the Skrulls, the team returned with Xavier to Earth to fight the Shadow King alongside X-Factor. Xavier freed Muir Island from the Shadow King's control but the battle left Xavier paraplegic again. X-Factor ceased to operate, with its members returning to the X-Men. (check Muir Island Saga)



Forge

Banshee (Sean Cassidy)

Marvel Girl (Jean Grey)
[Temporary member, Left in Uncanny X-Men #273 (1991)]

Gambit (Remy LeBeau)

Storm (Ororo Munroe)
Late Additions (Uncanny X-Men #273 (1991))

Wolverine (James Howlett)

Psylocke (Elizabeth 'Betsy' Braddock)

Jubilee (Jubilation Lee)

IssuesTeam Roster


#251-272
(1989–1991)
The X-Men are disassembled. The issues variously feature individual characters or small groups who have previously been X-Men or been affiliated with the X-Men.
#273-280
(1991)
Banshee, Forge, Gambit, Jubilee, Psylocke, Storm, Wolverine
TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN




X-Men: X-Tinction AgendaUncanny X-Men #270-272; X-Factor #60-62; New Mutants#95-97December 19980-7851-0053-9
X-Men: CrossroadsUncanny X-Men #273-277September 19980-7851-0662-6

Secondary Titles


New Mutants 
(1982 - 1991, #89 - #100)
During this period of time, the time-travelling Cable has taken over as mentor of the New Mutants team. The team took in new members. For more on the New Mutants, check out New Mutants page.



X-Factor
(1986-1991)

Formed by the original X-Men, X-Factor publicly posed as humans who claimed to capture dangerous mutants; in truth they rescued young mutants to protect and train them. X-Factor hired Cameron Hodge to handle public relations, unaware that he was actually generating media hype against mutants.

X-Factor also covertly went into battle as the mutant X-Terminators, though their secret was eventually exposed by Mystique and Hodge's anti-mutant group, the Right.

X-Factor #1 (1986) - #70 (1991)

Cyclops (Scott Summers)

Marvel Girl (Jean Grey)

Beast (Henry McCoy)

Angel (Warren Worthington III)

Iceman (Bobby Drake)

Recruits

Caliban
[Joined in X-Factor #18 (1987)]

Their young wards include:

Rusty Collins

Skids (Sally Bevins)

Rictor (Julio Richter)

Boom Boom (Tabitha Smith)

Leech

Artie (Arthur Maddicks)


Excalibur
(1987 - 1998)
Excalibur continued to operate in Europe.

Excalibur #1 (1987) - #125 (1998)

Original Team

[Excalibur: The Sword is Drawn #1 (1987)]
Base of Operations: Lighthouse, UK

Captain Britain (Brian Braddock)

Meggan

Phoenix (Rachel Summers, now Marvel Girl)

Nightcrawler (Kurt Wagner)

Shadowcat (Katherine 'Kitty' Pryde)

Lockheed

Recruits

Widget (Kate Rasputin)
[Joined in Excalibur #1 (1988)]




Following the defeat of Shadow King in Muir Island, there was a reorganization of titles. X-Men vol. 2 was published as a new on-going series and featured the Blue Team. Uncanny X-Men features the Gold Team. On the part of secondary titles, New Mutants was cancelled and replaced with X-Force. X-Factor saw a major change in lineup. Excalibur continued as usual.

Gold Team (Uncanny X-Men)
[Appearance: Uncanny X-Men #281 (1991) to X-Men vol. 2 #41 (1995)]

When the original X-Men (then members of X-Factor) returned following the battle against the Shadow King in Muir Island, the members were split into the Gold and Blue teams. Blue team consisted of Cyclops (leader), Beast, Psylocke, Wolverine, Rogue, Gambit and Jubilee. Gold team consisted of Storm (leader), Colossus, Jean Grey, Iceman and Archangel (Angel, now metal winged and blue skinned) and was soon joined by Bishop, a mutant policeman from an alternate future, stranded in the past while hunting fugitive mutants. Magneto soon returned to his aggressive methods, now followed by his own team, the Acolytes, who interfered in the Genoshan civil war, prompting the X-Men to intervene. Magneto captured and brainwashed the Blue Team but the Gold Team freed them, and Magneto seemingly died from nuclear explosions that caused his orbital base to fall from orbit. 

Later, while delivering a mutant rights speech, Xavier was nearly assassinated by the future despot Stryfe, a clone of Cable (Nathan Summers), Cyclops' son who had reached adulthood in an alternate future, trying to foment chaos by implicating Cable in the act. A war erupted between the X-Men, a new government-backed X-Factor team now led by Havok, Cable's own paramilitary X-Force team, Mr. Sinister and Apocalypse's forces. (check X-Cutioner's Song) Stryfe's machinations cause the Legacy Virus to be unleashed, a fatal disease that initially targeted mutants, then humans. Colossus' sister, Illyana Rasputin was one of the first victims. Around this time, Psylocke's original body, now housing Kwannon's mind, returned to join the X-Men as Revanche.

When Magneto returned, he initiated a devastating electromagnetic pulse within Earth's atmosphere and recruited more followers, including a Colossus' grief-stricken with his sister's death. Xavier and the X-men attacked his orbital base but during the battle, Magneto viciously tore out the adamantium metal bonded to Wolverine's skeleton, almost killing him. In a moment of anger, Xavier shut down Magneto's mind. (check Fatal Attractions) Magneto's dark ego entered Xavier's consciousness, remaining there undetected while bonding with Xavier's own repressed negative emotions. Wolverine left the X-Men to recover. Soon after, Cyclops and Jean married. Kwannon soon revealed she contracted the Legacy Virus and left the team to die.


Storm (Ororo Munroe) 

Jean Grey

Archangel (Warren Worthington III) 

Iceman (Bobby Drake) 

Colossus (Piotr Rasputin) 
[Left in Uncanny X-Men #304 (1993)]

Forge
[Support Staff, Left in Uncanny X-Men #290 (1992)]

Late Additions

Bishop (Lucas Bishop) 
[Joined in Uncanny X-Men #287 (1992)]

IssuesTeam Roster


#281-304
(1991–1993)
Archangel, Bishop, Colossus, Iceman, Jean Grey, Storm (Gold team)
#305-315
(1993–1994)
Archangel, Bishop, Iceman, Jean Grey, Storm (Gold Team)
TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN




X-Men: X-TinctionUncanny X-Men #235-238 & #270-272; X-Factor (1986) #60-62; New Mutants (1983) #94-96;August 2011978-0785155317
X-Men: X-Cutioner's SongUncanny X-Men #294-297; X-Factor (1986) #84-86; X-Men(1991) #14-16; X-Force (1991) #16-18; Stryfe's Strike FileOctober 2011978-0785153122
TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN




X-Men: The Coming of BishopUncanny X-Men #282-283, #286 (and pages regarding Bishop from #284-285, #287)March 19950-7851-0099-7
X-Men: X-Cutioner's SongUncanny X-Men #294-296; X-Factor #84-86; X-Men #14-16;X-Force #16-18May 19940-7851-0025-3
X-Men: Fatal AttractionsX-Factor #92; X-Force #25;Uncanny X-Men #304; X-Men#25; Wolverine #75; Excalibur#71August 20000-7851-0748-7
Avengers/X-Men: BloodtiesX-Men (vol. 2) #26; Uncanny X-Men #307; Avengers (vol. 1) #368-369; West Coast Avengers #101April 19950-7851-0103-9
Origin of Generation X: Tales of the Phalanx CovenantUncanny X-Men #316-317; X-Men (vol. 2) #36-37; X-Factor(vol. 1) #106; X-Force (vol. 1) #38; Excalibur (vol. 1) #82;Wolverine (vol. 2) #85; Cable(vol. 1) #16; Generation X #1June 20010-7851-0216-7


Blue Team (X-Men vol. 2)
[Appearance: X-Men vol. 2 #1 (1991) - X-Men vol. 2 #41 (1995)]


Cyclops (Scott Summers)

Beast (Henry 'Hank' McCoy)

Wolverine (James Howlett) 

Psylocke (Elizabeth 'Betsy' Braddock) 

Rogue (Anna Marie) 

Gambit (Remy LeBeau) 

Jubilee (Jubilation Lee) 

Late Additions

Revanche (Kwannon)
[Joined in X-Men vol. 2 #21 (1993);
Died in X-Men #31 (1994)]

TitleIssues
#
Characters
X-Men#1–3 (1991)Archangel, Banshee, Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Forge,Gambit, Jean Grey, Iceman, Psylocke, Rogue, Storm,Wolverine
#4–26 (1991–1993)Beast, Cyclops, Gambit, Jubilee, Psylocke, Rogue, Wolverine (Blue team)
#27–35 (1993–1994)Beast, Cyclops, Gambit, Jubilee, Professor X, Psylocke,Revanche, Rogue (Blue Team)



TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN
X-Men: Mutant GenesisX-Men Vol. 2 #1–7July 2010ISBN 978-0785146728
TitleMaterial CollectedPublication DateISBN
X-Men: Mutant GenesisX-Men, vol. 2 #1–7April 2006ISBN 0-7851-2212-5
X-Men/Ghost Rider: Brood Trouble in the Big EasyX-Men, vol. 2 #8–9
plus Ghost Rider, vol. 3 #26–27
December 1993ISBN 0-87135-974-X
X-Men: X-Cutioner's SongX-Men, vol. 2 #14–16
plus Uncanny X-Men #294–296; X-Factor,vol.1 #84–86; and X-Force, vol. 1 #16–18
May 1994ISBN 0-7851-0025-3
X-Men: Fatal AttractionsX-Men, vol. 2 #25
plus X-Factor, vol. 1 #92; X-Force, vol. 1 #25; Uncanny X-Men #304; Wolverine, vol. 2 #75; and Excalibur, vol. 1 #71
October 1994ISBN 0-7851-0065-2
Avengers/X-Men: BloodtiesX-Men, vol. 2 #26
plus Uncanny X-Men #305; Avengers, vol. 1 #368–369; and West Coast Avengers#101
April 1995ISBN 0-7851-0103-9
Origin of Generation X: Tales of the Phalanx CovenantX-Men, vol. 2 #36–37
plus Uncanny X-Men #316–317; X-Factor,vol. 1 #106; X-Force, vol. 1 #38; Excalibur,vol. 1 #82; Wolverine, vol. 2 #85; Cable,vol. 1 #16; and Generation X #1
June 2001ISBN 0-7851-0216-7
X-Men: Legion QuestX-Men, vol. 2 #40–41
plus X-Factor, vol. 1 #109 and Uncanny X-Men #320–321
March 1996ISBN 0-7851-0179-9
X-Men: Prelude to the Age of ApocalypseX-Men, vol. 2 #38–41
plus X-Factor, vol. 1 #108-109; Uncanny X-Men #319–321; Cable, vol. 1 #20; andX-Men: Age of Apocalypse Ashcan Edition
May 2011ISBN 978-0-7851-5508-9

Secondary Titles



X-Factor 
(1991 - 1998)
Following the defeat of Shadow King, the original X-Factor (consisting of the original X-Men) rejoined the X-Men. Government official Valerie Cooper approached several mutants to form a new government-sponsored X-Factor.

X-Factor #71 (1991) - #149 (1998)

Havok (Alex Summers)

Valerie Cooper 

Polaris (Lorna Dane)

Multiple Man (Jamie Madrox) 

Strong Guy (Guido Carosella)

Wolfsbane (Rahne Sinclair)

Quicksilver (Pietro Maximoff)




X-Force 
(1991 - 2001)
Cable re-organized the New Mutants into the para-military outfit X-Force.
For more, check out 'History - First Series' section of X-Force.


[Image taken from unpublishedxmen.blogspot.sg]

[X-Men vol. 2 #42/Uncanny X-Men #318 (1994) -]

The techno-organic alien Phalanx gradually began to infect Earth, and attacked the X-Men on multiple fronts. The Phalanx's plans were thwarted by multiple mutant teams, including an ad-hoc X-Men team comprising of Banshee, Jubilee, former Hellfire Club Inner Circle member telepathic Emma Frost and the feral Sabretooth. (check Ad-hoc X-Men and Phalanx Covenant) The Phalanx had captured several young mutants, who eventually joined to form the new student team Generation X. Banshee and the reformed Emma Frost became co-headmasters of the school. Jubilee joined Generation X. By then, the X-Men Gold and Blue Teams seemed to have merged into one team of X-Men.

Soon after, the mutant Legion (David Haller) tried to prevent the ideological war between his father Charles Xavier and Magneto by traveling back in time to kill Magneto. (check Legion Quest) However, Xavier intercepted the lethal blast meant for Magneto, preventing Legion's birth, and diverging reality to the 'Age of Apocalypse' in which the loss of Xavier prompted Magneto to embrace the dream of peaceful coexistence. Apocalypse had conquered much of North America. Eventually, Magneto's X-Men defeated Apocalypse. Bishop was sent to the past to save Xavier by killing Legion, which stabilized the X-Men's original time-stream. (Check Age of Apocalypse crossover and Age of Apocalypse information).

Former New Mutant Cannonball was promoted to the X-Men, replacing Rogue who left the team to run from a truth she held in her subconscious, that Gambit, her teammate and romantic interest, as the former Sinister employee who led the Marauders to the Morlock massacre. Around this time, Beast was captured and replaced by his Age of Apocalypse counterpart Dark Beast.

Frustrated by growing anti-mutant hysteria, Legacy Virus deaths, and his own failures, Xavier began to release his long-repressed negative emotions. Combined with Magneto's dark ego - including his anger, grief and lust for vengeance - a powerful psychic entity called Onslaught gained sentience. Onslaught believed in Xavier's dream of peaceful coexistence but sought to eliminate independent thought by bonding all humanity into a single collective intelligence. Secretly recruiting and empowering soldiers in his quest and absorbing the abilities of other psychics including Franklin Richards and X-Man, his powers grew exponentially, threatening all reality. Onslaught was eventually defeated with the seeming sacrifice of Earth's heroes including the Avengers and Fantastic Four, stoking the public's anti-mutant animosity. Dark Beast's identity was discovered and Beast was rescued by Havok's X-Factor. Rogue returned, accompanied by Joseph, a Magneto clone who believed himself a younger Magneto. Following Onslaught's defeat, Xavier surrendered himself to the US government to make amends. (check Onslaught)

Iceman left the team to care for his father, who was beaten by anti-mutant thugs. Rogue, Gambit, Bishop, Beast and Joseph traveled to the Shi'ar galaxy to help prevent a Phalanx infestation. Bishop was kidnapped by Deathbird. Meanwhile, Cyclops, Jean (now Phoenix), Wolverine and Cannonball fought Operation: Zero Tolerance, an anti-mutant government program led by Bastion, a synthesis of Master Mold and Nimord, an advanced Sentinel from the Days of Future Past future timeline. Bastion's forces stripped the mansion and gravely wounded Cyclops. The government eventually shutdown the program, and Bastion was defeated by the X-Men. (check Operation Zero Tolerance)



Professor X (Charles Xavier)
[Left for voluntary incarceration following Onslaught debacle in X-Men #57 (1996)]

Cyclops (Scott Summers)

Iceman (Bobby Drake)
[Left to take care of his injured father in Uncanny X-Men #340 (1997);
Returned for a brief while during Operation: Zero Tolerance from X-Men #66 - 70 (1997)]

Beast (Henry 'Hank' McCoy)

Archangel (Warren Worthington III)

Phoenix (Jean Grey-Summers)

Wolverine (James Howlett)

Storm (Ororo Munroe)

Rogue (Anna Marie)

Bishop (Lucas Bishop)
[Trapped in space in Uncanny X-Men #347 (1997)]

Gambit (Remy LeBeau)
[Abandoned by team following revelation regarding his involvement in the Mutant Massacre in Uncanny X-Men #350 (1997)]

Psylocke (Elizabeth 'Betsy' Braddock)

Cannonball (Samuel 'Sam' Guthrie)

Additions

Dark Beast (Henry McCoy), impersonated Beast
[Active as Beast in X-Men Unlimited #10 (1996);
Left to join Onslaught in Uncanny X-Men #335 (1996)]

Joseph
[Joined in Uncanny X-Men #338 (1996)]

IssuesTeam Roster

Uncanny X-Men
#316-317
(1994)
"Phalanx Covenant" crossover: Generation X forms as Banshee, White Queen, Jubilee, and Sabretooth protect Blink, M, Husk, Synch, and Skin from the Phalanx.
#318-321
(1994–1995)
Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit, Iceman, Jean Grey, Psylocke, Rogue, Storm
Age of Apocalypse
(1995)
The series was replaced with Astonishing X-Men (vol. 1) for four months during the "Age of Apocalypse" event. It featured Blink, Morph, Rogue, Sabretooth, Sunfire, and Wild Child.
#322-330
(1995–1996)
Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit, Jean Grey, Iceman, Psylocke, Storm, Wolverine
#331-336
(1996)
Archangel, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Dark Beast (impersonating Beast), Gambit, Iceman, Jean Grey, Psylocke, Storm, Wolverine
#337-342
(1996–1997)
Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit, Joseph, Jean Grey, Psylocke, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
#343-349
(1997)
Beast, Bishop, Gambit, Joseph, Rogue
TitleIssues
#
Characters
X-Men

#36–37 (1994)"Phalanx Covenant" crossover
#38–41 (1994–1995)Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit, Jean Grey, Iceman, Psylocke, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
#42–50 (1995–1996)Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit, Jean Grey, Iceman, Psylocke, Storm, Wolverine
#51–54 (1996)Archangel, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Dark Beast impersonating Beast, Gambit, Jean Grey, Iceman, Psylocke, Storm, Wolverine
#55–59 (1996)Archangel, Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cyclops, Gambit,Joseph, Jean Grey, Psylocke, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
#60–71 (1997)Cannonball, Cyclops, Jean Grey, Storm, Wolverine
TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN




Origin of Generation X: Tales of the Phalanx CovenantUncanny X-Men #316-317; X-Men (vol. 2) #36-37; X-Factor(vol. 1) #106; X-Force (vol. 1) #38; Excalibur (vol. 1) #82;Wolverine (vol. 2) #85; Cable(vol. 1) #16; Generation X #1June 20010-7851-0216-7
X-Men: Legion QuestUncanny X-Men #320-321; X-Factor (vol. 1) #109; X-Men (vol. 2) #40-41March 19960-7851-0179-9
X-Men Visionaries: Joe MadureiraUncanny X-Men #325-326, #329-330, #341-343August 20000-7851-0748-7
X-Men: Prelude to OnslaughtX-Men #50; Uncanny X-Men#333; X-Man #15-17; Cable#32-33March 2010978-0785144632
X-Men: The Complete Onslaught Epic Vol. 1X-Men #53-54; Uncanny X-Men#334-335; Avengers #400-401;Onslaught: X-MenX-Force#57; Cable #34; Incredible Hulk#444; Fantastic Four #414-415December 20070-7851-2823-9
X-Men: The Complete Onslaught Epic Vol. 2Excalibur #100; Fantastic Four#415; Amazing Spider-Man#415; Sensational Spider-Man#8; Spider-Man #72; Green Goblin #12; Punisher #11; X-Factor #125-126; Wolverine#104; X-Man #17; X-Men #55;Uncanny X-Men #336; X-Force#58June 20080-7851-2824-7
X-Men: The Complete Onslaught Epic Vol. 3Avengers #402; Incredible Hulk#445; Iron Man #332; Thor#502; Wolverine #104; Cable#35; X-Men #55; Uncanny X-Men #336; X-Man #19; X-Force#57August 20080-7851-2825-5
X-Men: The Complete Onslaught Epic Vol. 4Fantastic Four #416; Iron Man#6; Cable #36; X-Men #56-57;Uncanny X-Men #337;Onslaught: Epilogue #1;Onslaught: Marvel #1; X-Men: Road to Onslaught #1February 20090-7851-2826-3

Secondary Title



Excalibur
(1987 - 1998)
Excalibur served as the X-Men of Europe. The title was cancelled in 1998 with members Nightcrawler, Kitty Pryde and Colossus rejoining the X-Men.

Excalibur #1 (1987) - #125 (1998)

Original Team
[Excalibur: The Sword is Drawn #1 (1987)]
Base of Operations: Lighthouse, UK

Captain Britain (Brian Braddock)

Meggan

Phoenix (Rachel Summers, now Marvel Girl)

Nightcrawler (Kurt Wagner)

Shadowcat (Katherine 'Kitty' Pryde)

Lockheed

Recruits

Widget (Kate Rasputin)
[Joined in Excalibur #1 (1988)]

Kylun (Colin McKay)
[Joined in Excalibur #46 (1992)]

Cerise
[Joined in Excalibur #47 (1992)]
Micromax (Scott Wright)

Feron

In Excalibur #70, Nightcrawler, Shadowcat and Phoenix moved to Muir Island

Dr. Moira MacTaggert
[Host to Excalibur from Excalibur #71 (1993)]

Daytripper (Amanda Sefton/Jimaine Szardos)
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #75 (1994)]

Douglock (Warlock)
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #78 (1994)]

Wolfsbane (Rahne Sinclair)
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #90 (1995)]

Pete Wisdom
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #91 (1995)]

Colossus (Piotr Rasputin)
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #92 (1995)]

Mimic (Calvin Rankin)
[Joined in Excalibur in Excalibur #124 (1998)]

The team disbanded following the wedding of Meggan and Captain Britain in Excalibur #125 (1998). Nightcrawler, Colossus and Shadowcat returned to the X-Men.



Generation X
(1994 - 2001)
Several young mutants were captured during the techno-organic alien Phalanx attack on Earth. Some of them were brought together as Generation X and were enrolled at the Xavier Institute for Gifted Youngsters at the Massachusetts Academy where they were taught by Banshee and Emma Frost. The first students include M, Husk, Jubilee, Chamber, Skin and Synch. The main protagonist in the series' early days is Empath, the brother of Gen X-er M. Generation X welcomed Artie and Leech as wards, as well as the mysterious mute Penance and Mondo into the team. Mondo turned out to be working for Banshee's cousin Black Tom Cassidy. Mondo joined up with Black Tom and his friend Juggernaut during their attack on the Institute. He was killed by the sentinel Bastion, who was also at the Institute at the same time to capture Jubilee. 

It was later revealed that M is in fact the merged form of 8 year old twins Claudette and Nicole St. Croix, Empath's younger sisters. The twins merged with Emplate to form a new entity M-Plate, who sought to merge all consciousness into one being using the Universal Amalgator. The entity was stopped and all three entities were separated once again. The Guardian of the Universal Amalgator, Gaia joined Generation X but left soon after. While merged with Empath in M-Plate, the twins learnt the truth of Penance, that she was actually the real M (Monet) trapped in the Penance form. Claudette and Nicole managed to liberate Monet from Penance, after which they merged to take the place of Monet as Penance. Much later, in an explosion, the twins were separated from Penance. Penance now had no host and had a mind of her own. The twins returned to live with their father, Ambassador Cartier St. Croix.

When Emma Frost ran into financial difficulties, she approached her sister Adrienne for help. Adrienne agreed to help in exchange for being a headmaster of the Academy. Under her, the Academy later took in human students. When Adrienne tried to kill members of Generation X, she was kicked out. Adrienne eventually returned to wreck chaos by sowing hatred for mutants in the student body. Banshee and Emma sent Penance, Artie and Leech to live with Cartier St. Croix for their safety. However, when a riot happened in the Institute, Synch sacrificed himself to save a group of human students. Emma killed Adrienne with a gun.

Generation X eventually disbanded due to internal problems. Jubilee, M and Husk joined Banshee's X-Corp to keep an eye on him; Chamber had been offered a place in the X-Men while Skin left for LA. After X-Corp disbanded, Husk joined the X-Men; M joined X-Corporation Paris while Jubilee joined up with Skin before rejoining the X-Men.

Generation X #1 (1994) - #75 (2001)

Emma Frost, mentor

Banshee (Sean Cassidy), mentor

Husk (Paige Elisabeth Guthrie)

Jubilee (Jubilation Lee)

Chamber (Jonothon "Jono" Evan Starsmore)

Skin (Angelo Espinosa)

Synch (Everett Thomas)

M/Penance (Nicole and Claudette St. Croix)

Later Additions

Penance/M (Monet St. Croix)
[Joined in Generation X #3 (1995)]

Mondo clone
[Joined in Generation X Annual '95;
Killed in Generation X #25 (1997)]

Gaia
[Joined in Generation X #43 (1998)]

Penance
[Joined in Generation X #58 (1999)]

Wards

Artie Maddicks
[Generation X #6]

Leech
[Generation X #6]

Franklin Richards
[Generation X #20]


[ - X-Men vol. 2 #71 (1997) -]

Following Operation: Zero Tolerance, new additions, the bone-generating Marrow; Maggott with a mutant digestive system; and force-field casting Cecilia Reyes joined the team. When the Shi'ar galaxy contingent returned, a disguised Magneto put Gambit on trial in Antarctica for his role in the mutant massacre, revealing the truth to the X-Men, who left Gambit behind. Cyclops and Phoenix left the team to help the former recover. Joseph left to learn of his true identity; Psylocke resigned after a battle with the Shadow King left her powerless with her lover Archangel following her; Cannonball left to take care of his sick mother; Cecilia quit to focus on her medical practice; and Beast left to focus on curing the Legacy Virus.



Beast (Henry 'Hank' McCoy)

Storm (Ororo Munroe)

Wolverine (James Howlett)

Rogue (Anna Marie)

Psylocke (Elizabeth 'Betsy' Braddock)
[Joined the team briefly in X-Men vol. #77 - 78 (1998)]

Cannonball (Samuel 'Sam' Guthrie)
[Left to tend to his sick mother in X-Men vol. 2 #79 (1998)]

Joseph
[Left with Sabra to establish his identity in X-Men vol. 2 #73 (1998);
Died in X-Men #87 (1999)]

Cecilia Reyes
[Left to establish her own medical practice off-panel in X-Men vol. 2 #79 (1998)]

Marrow (Sarah)

Maggott (Japeth)
[Left supposedly to join Generation X in X-Men vol. 2 #79;
Entry into Generation X never materialized]

(Cyclops, Phoenix, Archangel, Iceman and Beast made appearances together from Uncanny X-Men #356 to #357 while Bishop appeared in Uncanny X-Men #358 all in 1998)
IssuesTeam Roster

Uncanny X-Men
#350-360
(1997–1998)
Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cecilia Reyes, Cyclops, Iceman, Jean Grey, Joseph, MaggottMarrow, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
TitleIssues
#
Characters
X-Men

#72–79 (1997–1998)Beast, Bishop, Cannonball, Cecilia Reyes, Cyclops, Iceman, Joseph, Jean Grey, MaggottMarrow, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine

Secondary Titles




X-Factor
(1991 - 1998)
During this period of time, X-Factor had 2 separate rounds of massive lineup change in 1995 and 1997. In 1995, Forge led the team, which consisted of known villains such as Mystique and Sabretooth. The title was cancelled in 1998.

X-Factor #71 (1991) - #149 (1998)
Roster

Forge

Polaris (Lorna Dane)

Wild Child (Kyle Gibney)

Mystique

Sabretooth (Victor Creed)

Shard




[- Uncanny X-Men #360/X-Men vol. 2 #80 (1998) - X-Men vol. 2 #99/Uncanny X-Men #380 (2000)]

Remaining members Storm, Wolverine, Marrow and Rogue were reunited with Colossus, Kitty Pryde and Nightcrawler, who returned to America after the dissolution of their European team Excalibur. Gambit soon rejoined the team. After a series of battles against a sentient Cerebro, the X-Men located Xavier, who rejoined the team. (check Hunt for Xavier) Meanwhile, Magneto constructed a North Pole base containing devices that enabled him to control Earth's bioelectric magnetosphere, then issued an ultimatum to the world: Cede authority to create a haven for mutants, or suffer a crippling global electromagnetic pulse. Following a failed UN nuclear attack against him, Magneto fought the X-Men and Joseph, who had learned his origins as the clone of Magneto. Joseph sacrificed himself to repair Magneto's damage to the atmosphere, and the UN granted Magneto sovereignty over Genosha in the hopes that the turmoil in the country would distract him from his world conquest ambitions. (check Magneto War)

The X-Men next had a mission which took them to outer space and back in time. While returning, the spacecraft was boarded and Wolverine was replaced by a shape-shifting Skrull while the team was in stasis. Back on Earth, Xavier suspected an infiltrator in the X-Men's ranks, driving part the team in an attempt to search him out. During this time, Cyclops and Jean gathered an ad-hoc team of X-Men to assist the genetically altered Mannites children. The team included Cable, Archangel, X-Man (Cable's counterpart from the Age of Apocalypse reality) and the Wolverine-impersonating Skrull. (check Ad-hoc X-Men) They faced Apocalypse's henchman Death, not knowing that Death was actually a brainwashed Wolverine. During the battle, the Skrull was killed and Wolverine was believed dead. The X-Men reunited after Xavier revealed the Skrull impersonation and explained his ruse to expose the Skrull. The team faced Apocalypse, who was gathering "the Twelve", a group of mutants he believed would give him omnipotence. Cyclops seemingly sacrificed himself to defeat him. (check Apocalype: The Twelve and Ages of Apocalypse)

Xavier subsequently departed Earth with Cadre K, Skrull mutants who aided the team against Apocalypse, to train them in using their powers and to find them a new home. Mr. Sinister then used the High Evolutionary's technology to briefly depower all mutants on Earth as an experiment but was eventually stopped by the X-Men. Following this, the Six Month Gap occurred.


Storm (Ororo Munroe)

Wolverine (James Howlett)

Colossus (Piotr Rasputin)

Nightcrawler (Kurt Wagner)

Shadowcat (Katherine 'Kitty' Pryde)

Rogue (Anna Marie)

Marrow (Sarah)

Gambit (Remy LeBeau)

Late Additions

Professor X (Charles Xavier)
[Returned in X-Men vol. 2 #84;
Left for space to help mutant skrulls in Uncanny X-Men #379 (2000)]

Wolverine ('Skrullverine'), impersonated Wolverine
[Active in Uncanny X-Men #371 (1999);
Died in Astonishing X-Men #3 (1999)]

Other X-Men eventually returned around the events of Apocalypse: Twelve.

Cyclops (Scott Summers)
[Believed killed in X-Men vol. 2 #97 (2000)]

Iceman (Bobby Drake)

Beast (Henry 'Hank' McCoy)

Archangel (Warren Worthington III)

Phoenix (Jean Grey-Summers)

Polaris (Lorna Dane)
[Left to join Magneto's cabinet in Genosha in Uncanny X-Men #397 (2000)]

Psylocke (Elizabeth 'Betsy' Braddock)

TitleIssues
#
Characters
X-Men

#80–93 (1998–1999)Colossus, Gambit, Kitty Pryde, Marrow, Nightcrawler, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
#94–98 (1999–2000)"The Shattering"/"The Twelve"/"Ages of Apocalypse" crossover
#99 (2000)All mutants are rendered human by the High Evolutionaryand Mister Sinister, leading the X-Men to briefly disband; this issue shows many X-Men characters adjusting to their human lives
IssuesTeam Roster

Uncanny X-Men
#361-372
(1998–1999)
Colossus, Gambit, Kitty Pryde, Marrow, Nightcrawler, Rogue, Storm, Wolverine
#373-378
(1999–2000)
"The Shattering"/"The Twelve"/"Age of Apocalypse" crossover: After Professor X briefly disbands the team to expose the Skrull infiltrator, the team learns of the Twelve. As Apocalypse's plans come to fruition, many X-Men, as well as the members of the Twelve, come together to battle him, even as he warps reality.
#379-380
(2000)
All mutants worldwide are rendered powerless by the High Evolutionaryand Mr. Sinister, leading to an interim team battling them after the X-Men briefly disband.
TitleMaterial collectedPublication dateISBN




Magneto: Rogue NationUncanny X-Men #366-367;Magneto Rex #1-3; X-Men: The Magneto WarX-Men (vol. 2) #85-87March 20020-7851-0834-3
X-Men: The ShatteringUncanny X-Men #372-375; X-Men #92-95; Astonishing X-Men#1-3; X-Men 1999 YearbookJuly 20090-7851-3733-5
Astonishing X-Men: Deathwish (Apocalypse: The Twelve Prelude)X-Men #92, #95; Astonishing X-Men (vol. 2) #1-3; Uncanny X-Men #375October 20000-7851-0754-1
X-Men Vs. Apocalypse Vol. 1: The TwelveUncanny X-Men #376-377;Cable #75-76; X-Men #96-97;Wolverine #146-147March 20070-7851-2263-X
X-Men Vs. Apocalypse Vol. 2: Ages of ApocalypseUncanny X-Men #378; Cable#77; Wolverine #148; X-Men Unlimited #26; X-Men #98;Search for Cyclops #1-4October 20080-7851-2264-8
X-Men: PowerlessUncanny X-Men #379-380;Cable #78; X-Force #101;Wolverine #149; X-Men #99August 20100-7851-4677-6



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